Shrubs & Brambles Beneficial to the Birds

shrubs

Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens and species)
Light: full sun to partial shade
Zones 3-8
Size 10-20 feet tall
Bird garden uses: fruit, cover
Blackberry; Raspberry (Rubus Fruticose and cultivars)
Light: full sun for best fruiting
Zones: 3-9
Size: 4-10 feet tall, including trailing varieties
Bird garden uses: fruit, hedgerows
Attracts: mockingbirds
Currant (Ribes species and cultivars, shrub/small tree)
Light: full sun to partial shade
Size: 4-9 feet
Hardy to Zone 3

Bird garden uses: fruit favored by songbirds, nectar from flowers favored by hummingbirds.

Other uses: fruit used for making jam, jelly, wine, & pie

Dogwood (Cornus species, e.g. Red-osier Dogwood, Gray Dogwood)
Bird garden uses: fall fruit with high fat content, nest sites, cover
Attracts: Robins, bluebirds, thrushes, juncos, warblers, vireos
Elderberry; elder (Sambucus species and cultivars)
Light: full to partial sun
Zones: 3-9
Size: 12-20 feet tall
Higbush Blueberry (Vaccinium species and cultivars)
Light: full sun to partial shade
Zones: 3-8
Size: 2-12 feet tall
Bird garden uses: fruit, hedgerows
Holly/Winterberry (Ilex species and cultivars)
Light: full sun to partial shade
Zones: 4-9
Size: 1-50 feet, depending on variety
Bird garden uses: fruit, winter shelter.
Attracts Robins, bluebirds, waxwings, others
Jostaberry (Ribes nidigrolaria)
A thorn-less black currant/gooseberry hybrid shrub
Light: full sun or partial shade
Zones: 4-8
Bird garden uses: fruit
Northern Bayberry (Myrica pennsylvanica)
Semi-evergreen shrub producing fragrant, waxy-gray leaves. Fall fruiting, winter persistent fruits.

Light: Partial shade to full sun
Zones: 2-6
Size: 5-10 ft. spread and height
Bird garden uses: fruit, nest sites and cover
Attracts: Tree swallows (especially wintering), catbirds, bluebirds.

Purple Beautyberry (Callicarpa dichotoma)
Light: Full sun
Zones: 5-8
Bird garden uses: food
Pyracantha; Firethorn (Pyracantha species and cultivars)
Light: full sun or partial shade
Size 4-12 feet
Bird garden uses: fruit, nesting, winter shelter
Quince (Chaenomeles speciosa)
Light: sun to part shade
Zones: 5-8
Size: 3-5 feet tall
Bird garden uses: nectar for hummingbirds
Rhododendron (Rhododendron species and cultivars)
Light: full sun to partial shade
Zones: 3-9
Size: 3-20 feet tall, depending on variety
Bird garden uses: shelter; woodland habitat
Rose (Rosa species and cultivars)
Light: full sun to partial shade
Zones: 2-9
Size: 6-10 feet tall
Bird garden uses: fruit, hedgerows, nesting
Silver Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea)
Light: Full sun
Zone: 2+ (drought tolerant)
Bird garden uses: shelter, nesting, great food source in late winter
Spicebush (Lindera benzoin)
Light: woods and marshes, often as an understory
Size: 6-8 feet tall
Bird garden use: food and shelter

Attracts: robin (f), bobwhite (f & s), and catbird (f & s), Northern mockingbird (f), great crested flycatcher (f), American goldfinch (s), Eastern kingbird (f), cowbird (s)
Fragrant Sumac (Rhus aromatica)
Light: part sun to full shade
Zones: 3-9
Size: 2-6 feet tall

Bird garden uses: nesting, roosting and cover for songbirds and game birds. Berries for winter food.
Viburnum (Viburnum species, e.g. Nannyberry, Arrowwood Viburnum)
Light: Full sun
Zones: 4-9, depending on variety
Size: 4-15 feet tall
Bird garden use: fruit, nest sites, cover
Attracts: Robins, bluebirds, thrushes, cardinals, finches, waxwings.
Weigela (Weigela spp.)
Light: sun to partial shade
Zones 4-9, depending on variety
Size: 3-5 feet tall
Bird garden use: nectar for hummingbird
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